The Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.
The CDC is continuing to strive to learn more. In our fight with you for the cure, and for all to overcome the obstacles associated with ASD we have included what has been learned thus far by those at the CDC. Please go to their website, www.cdc.gov for more information.
Autism and Development Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) Facts and what has been learned thus far:
CDC estimates that about 1 in 59 children has been identified with ASD (or 16.8 per 1,000 8-year-olds). These estimates from the ADDM Network are based on data collected from health and special education records of children living in 11 communities across the United States during 2014. These 11 communities comprised 8% of the United States population of 8-year-olds in 2014. Information was collected on children who were 8 years old because previous work has shown that, by this age, most children with ASD have been identified for services.
- While a higher percentage of white children were identified with autism compared to black children, and even more so compared to Hispanic children, these disparities were smaller when compared with estimates from previous years.
- Among children identified with ASD who had IQ scores available, nearly a third (31%) also had intellectual disability.
- About 42% of children identified with ASD were evaluated for developmental concerns by age 3 years. This percentage is lower than the goal set by Healthy People 2020 that 47% of children with ASD have a first evaluation by age 3 years.
- Even though ASD can be diagnosed as early as age 2 years, most children were not diagnosed with ASD by a community provider until after age 4 years.
- Recent changes in the clinical definition of autism had little impact on the percentage of school-aged children identified as having ASD.
- About 1-59 children were identified with Autism Spectrum Disorder among a 2014 of 8 year olds from 11 US communities in CDC'S Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network.
According to the CDC, A notable treatment approach for people with an ASD is called applied behavior analysis (ABA). ABA has become widely accepted among health care professionals and used in many schools and treatment clinics. ABA encourages positive behaviors and discourages negative behaviors in order to improve a variety of skills. The child’s progress is tracked and measured.
There are different types of ABA. Following are some examples:
- Discrete Trial Training (DTT)
DTT is a style of teaching that uses a series of trials to teach each step of a desired behavior or response. Lessons are broken down into their simplest parts and positive reinforcement is used to reward correct answers and behaviors. Incorrect answers are ignored.
- Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI)
This is a type of ABA for very young children with an ASD, usually younger than five, and often younger than three.
- Pivotal Response Training (PRT)
PRT aims to increase a child’s motivation to learn, monitor his own behavior, and initiate communication with others. Positive changes in these behaviors should have widespread effects on other behaviors.
- Verbal Behavior Intervention (VBI)
VBI is a type of ABA that focuses on teaching verbal skills.